Tag: Fungi

CAN Fungal Foray at Tatton

Golden Scalycap, Pholiota aurivella

Twenty CAN members gathered at Tatton on the 1st of November to join the Fungal Punk (Dave Higginson-Tranter) on a fungus foray. The warm autumnal weather held up, as we got stuck in to splitting asomycetes from basidiomycetes, and getting to know the mycelia and reproductive strategies of the fungal kingdom.

Dave showing us the White Saddle fungus, Helvella crispa

Our walk took us from the Knutsford entrance of Tatton along through the leaf-littered path west of the mere, to investigate the grassland and mossy stumps and logs of felled trees. Here we discovered Sulphur tuft Hypholoma fasciculare, common puffball (Lycoperdon perlatum), rusts on fallen logs, candle snuff fungi (Xylaria hypoxylon) and several of the tricky Mycena species, notoriously difficult to identify in the field!

From here we discovered some of the parks storm damaged trees that were home to the ‘poached egg’ fungus (Oudemansiella mucida) and amongst the grasslands we found yellow field cap (Bolbitius titubans) and amongst the pine trees, where the deer were foraging, we found the Copper Spike fungus (Chroogomphus rutilus).

Jelly 'Ear' Fungus, Auricularia auricula-judaeThose  were just the highlights of a foray where we found 84 species in the field, with a further 19 added through microscopic identification!

CAN would like to extend its thanks to Fungal Punk Dave for an entertaining and informative foray (and microscope work!), and we look forward to arranging another Cheshire foray in the near future.

Dave’s website can be found at www.fungalpunknature.co.uk.

Witches Butter, Exidia glandulosa

A slime mould (myxomycetes), Arcyria denudata (?)

Full species list:

Lycoperdon perlatum; Schizophyllum commune; Chondrostereum purpureum; Oudemansiella mucida; Bulgaria inquinans; Helvella crispa; Mycena rosea; Schizopora paradoxa; Armillaria ostoyae; Xylaria hypoxylon; Lactarius quietus; Mycena galericulata; Peniophora quercina; Amanita rubescens; Stereum hirsutum; Melampsoridium betulinum; Mycena haematopus; Psathyrella hydrophila; Bjerkandera adusta; Laccaria amethystea; Ganoderma australe; Rhodocollybia butyracea; Phlebia tremellosa; Mycena arcangeliana; Microsphaera alphitoides; Mycena inclinata; Hypholoma fasciculare; Pycnostysanus azaleae; Lepista sordida; Clitocybe nebularis; Rhytisma acerinum; Lepista flaccida; Nectria cinnabarina; Phragmidium violaceum; Lactarius blennius; Laccaria laccata; Russula nobilis; Tubaria furfuracea; Scleroderma citrinum; Gymnopus confluens; Vuilleminia comedens; Lycoperdon pyriforme; Leccinum versipelle; Boletus edulis; Boletus luridiformis; Hypoxylon fragiforme; Trametes gibbosa; Lepista nuda; Bolbitius titubans; Armillaria mellea; Trametes versicolor; Clitopilus prunulus; Auricularia auricular-judae; Exidia glandulosa; Mycena pura; Trichoderma viride; Coprinellus micaceus; Meripilus giganteus; Diatrype disciformis; Libertella faginea; Pholiota squarrosa; Armillaria gallica; Russula ochroleuca; Postia stiptica; Lactarius subdulcis; Macrolepiota procera; Tricholoma ustale; Piptoporus betulinus; Annulohypoxylon multiforme; Boletus badius; Hygrocybe pratensis; Gymnopilus penetrans; Dacrymyces stillatus; Chroogomphus rutilus; Mycena galopus; Calyptella capula; Stropharia pseudocyanea; Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca; Stropharia semiglobata; Leptosphaeria acuta; Pholiota aurivella; Phlebia radiata; Dermoloma cuneifolium; Trichaptum abietinum; Psilocybe semilanceata; Stropharia melanosperma; Daedaleopsis confragosa; Cystoderma amianthinum; Calocera cornea; Hypholoma capnoides; Clavulinopsis corniculata; Ascocoryne sarcoides; Ascocoryne cylichnium; Crepidotus cesatii; Suillus granulatus; Pluteus chrysophaeus; Hymenoscyphus herbarum; Pluteus podospileus; Belonidium sulphureum; Hygrocybe chlorophana; Hygrocybe laeta var. flava; Parasola leiocephala and the myxo Lycogala epidendrum.

Lichens of Churchyards Event at Mobberley

The Lichen Identification Workshop dawned frosty and sunny. A group of 17 CAN members wrapped up well and met at St. Winifred’s Church in Mobberley.  Mike Gosling was the leader for the day. Mike has previously led lichen workshops for CAN and it was decided that for this event, he would concentrate on lichens of churchyards.

The external wall of the churchyard was inspected first. This supported lichens such as Porpidia tuberculosa and a Lepraria sp. As the sun thawed the frost, the gravestones were inspected next where Lecanora polytropa, Melanelixia fuliginosa and Parmelia saxatilis could be found. A bright green powdery lichen existed within the carvings of the gravestones was a bright green lichen The walls of the church itself proved interesting. Barium sulphate crystals were visible in the stones used to build the church. These stones were likely to have been quarried from Alderley Edge, where barium mines once existed. Caloplaca citrina was found growing on the mortar of the church walls.

Mike shows the group the importance of churchyards for Lichens

Following lunch, where some of the group warmed up in front of the fire in The Church Inn, the group drove onto St. Mary’s Church in Nether Alderley.  One of the first lichens to be seen was was Xanthoria candelaria, a species typical of acidic substrates.  This was noted on the black iron gates of the church. The churchyard and the walls of the churchyard were searched and species such as Rhizocarpon geographicum, Pertusaria corallina/pseudocorallina, Candelariella vitellina and Parmotrema perlatum were located.  A number of trees within the churchyard supported lichens. Xanthoria parietina was found on twigs.  Mike warned that care needs to be taken when inspecting gravestones beneath trees as spores from lichens associated with wood can fall onto stonework and establish, thereby, causing confusion!

Mike leading the group on identifying lichens on walls

As the day neared the end, a couple of squamulose lichens were looked at on the churchyard wall; Cladonia chlorophaea and Cladonia pyxidata. A local rarity was also seen.  This was Polysporina simplex, a species associated with sandstone.  This is potentially a new lichen for Cheshire. Further record searches would confirm this.

Approximately 20 lichen species were seen on the day.  As Mike explained in his introductory talk, a good churchyard within the UK could support as many as 190 taxa. In Cheshire, many churches are species-poor with less than 10 lichens recorded, although some are known to support 40-50+ taxa.  Mike provided useful hand-outs so that members could continue to survey churchyards in their own time. Thanks to Mike for a thoroughly instructive and entertaining day, even if he did suffer a cut finger whilst surveying!

 

Fungal Microscopy

At the October CAN event, “Fungal punk” Dave gave a dozen CAN members hands-on experience of microscopic techniques needed for ID of many fungus families to species level. Although it has been a poor season generally, there were ample specimens to keep the group occupied for the day.  Thanks to Juliet Leadbeater and Chester University for letting CAN use their excellent facilities.

Plumly Reccy

Andy Harmer, Mike Gosling and Rachel Hacking did a reccy around Plumley Lime Beds today for the up and coming Bryophytes event in November.  Loads of great stuff there but highlight must have been Rachel finding 52 earthstars (putatively Geastrum triplex) in an areathe size of a small living room. Only had camera phone so excuse dodgy snaps.

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